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refractory material shows the characteristic phenomena like making process

  • Recent advances in silica-alumina refractory: A review ...

    2014-6-1 · In the glass-making process, the refractories are in constant contact with the molten glass, and this poses different kinds of requirements for the refractory. Since glass in the molten state is quite fluid and tends to go through the refractory pores, the most needed characteristic should be nonporous refractories, and hence fused refractories ...

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  • Damage Pattern Recognition and Feature Extraction

    Refractory materials are widely used in the iron and steel making process, especially in the building of superstructures and side walls of fusion furnaces. An adequate handling in refractory material manufacturing is a key to successful production of the refractory eventually leading to successful practice in iron and steel making processes.

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  • Refractory Wear Mechanisms in the Nonferrous Metal ...

    9, 10 Since the AlloyStream TM process shows fundamental differences to the SAF process, different requirements evolved in terms of the refractory selection. The refractory lining design had to be ...

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  • Refractories for the copper and lead industry

    Oxygen side-blown reducing smelting is an efficient and environment-friendly technology to directly process the liquid high-lead slag, but it shows high refractory wear during industrial practice.

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  • (PDF) Refractory solutions to improve steel cleanliness

    2019-9-1 · The slag formed in function of the oxygen blow through a lance in a VC, like in RH-TOP process , is certainly unsaturated in respect of the main constituents of the refractory bricks, and extremely fluid, which should favor dissolution of some components of the refractory in the slag. Considering that this process at high temperatures (without ...

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  • The influence of flow asymmetry on refractory erosion

    Refractory mass fraction relative to all condensed molecules as a function of the distance to the star in five discs of different masses (a core = 14 AU and γ = 0.8, fixed).

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  • (PDF) From stellar nebula to planets: The refractory ...

    The slag is the molten phase in the copper-making process responsible for the greatest refractory wear [4,9,12, 19, 24], so this molten phase was selected for tests in this work. These tests were ...

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  • Identification of magnesia–chromite refractory

    2018-8-13 · A microwave–Fenton technology was applied to dispose of the reverse-osmosis concentrated leachate. Influential factors on the treatment of concentrated leachate with the pure Fenton and microwave-Fenton method were investigated. For the conventional Fenton process, the removal efficiencies of chemical oxygen demand (CODCr), UV254, and the color number (CN) reached 84%, …

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  • Refractory Material | Scientific.Net

    Kaolin softening point was determined in 1300-1600 °C range, and it makes it feasible as refractory material of low and high temperature. Thermogravimetric analysis showed two decomposition areas, the first between 300-600 °C, which corresponds to crystallization water, and SO and SO 2 gases and the second from 700-1000 °C where an ...

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  • Combustion joining of refractory materials:

    Refractory materials such as carbon possess properties that make joining them difficult. ... which will be described further, is an attractive approach for bonding refractory materials. Advances in materials joining using combustion phenomena have been discussed in detail in a recent review. ... To estimate the characteristic squeezing rate of ...

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  • Selection of Proper Refractory Materials for Energy

    2012-1-6 · Refractory lining of an aluminum melting and holding furnace are engineered with a primary design objective to keep the furnace condition stable throughout the life of the furnace. In consideration of energy saving, ideally all the heat added to the furnace should be used to heat the load or stock but in practice, a lot of heat is lost in several ways.

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  • Industrial Refractory Archives - RS Kiln Refractory Bricks

    2021-4-1 · The heavy refractory materials used in ceramic kilns are similar to those in the glass industry, mainly acid refractory bricks, neutral refractory bricks, and some special refractory bricks. The basis for selecting bricks is mainly determined by the firing temperature of the kiln, the atmosphere, the corrosiveness of the molten material, and ...

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  • Fracture of refractories - ResearchGate

    Fracture of refractories is considered from the traditional strength point of view and from the perspective of fracture mechanics. Strength and fracture toughness are related through the aggregate ...

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  • Refractories Handbook | Charles Schacht | download

    Refractories Handbook | Charles Schacht | download | Z-Library. Download books for free. Find books

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  • Determination of wear characteristics of Aluminum based ...

    2013-5-23 · refractories. The red mud can effectively replaces the bauxite in the make of refractories to with stand very high temperatures. Red mud or red sludge is a solid waste product of the Bayer process, the principal industrial means of refining bauxite in order to provide alumina as raw material for the electrolysis of aluminum by the

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  • The coinage refractory wastewater treated by ...

    2019-5-1 · The industrial wastewater samples were collected from the wastewater treatment plant at the Central Mint of China in Taiwan. Table 1 lists the pH, electrical conductivity (EC) and concentrations of Cu 2+, Ni 2+ and COD of 6 wastewater samples. The Cu 2+ and Ni 2+ concentration of samples was measured by using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP/AES Thermo, IRIS ...

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  • Evaluation of the protective C2S layer in the corrosion ...

    2015-4-1 · The refractory corrosion process is shown in Fig. 9. XRD analysis of the surface of the doloma-C post mortem brick showed the presence of periclase (MgO), lime (CaO) and graphite (C). The EDS analysis of area 1 is characteristic of a region where the composition of doloma particles prevails, but with low carbon content (inserted in Fig. 9). In ...

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  • Effect of interfacial reaction behaviour on the clogging ...

    2019-7-5 · Fig. 1 shows the macroscopic morphology of an SEN in the bottom part after casting. It can be seen from Fig. 1 (a) and (b) that the SEN after casting can be roughly divided into three layers: unreacted layer, reactive intermediate layer and clogging layer. The boundary layers among the three interfacial layers are relatively obvious. The compounds in the clogging layer are surrounded by ...

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  • CN101094816B - Refractory materials - Google Patents

    Discuss; 239000011819 refractory material Substances 0.000 title abstract description 128; 239000000463 material Substances 0.000 claims abstract description 198; 239000011521 gla

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  • Refractory disease | definition of Refractory disease by ...

    disease [dĭ-zēz´] a definite pathological process having a characteristic set of signs and symptoms. It may affect the whole body or any of its parts, and its etiology, pathology, and prognosis may be known or unknown. For specific diseases, see under the specific name, as addison's disease. See also illness, mal, sickness, and syndrome. Miller-Keane ...

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  • (PDF) Recent advances in silica-alumina refractory: A ...

    Recent advances in silica-alumina refractory: A review. Download. Recent advances in silica-alumina refractory: A review. G. Yıldırım Özarslan. Related Papers. Quartz and Silicas. By Lilian P Davila, Martin Wilding, and James Shackelford. Materials and Manufacturing Processes Sintering of …

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  • (PDF) Chemical Vapor Deposition of Refractory Metals

    Chemical Vapor Deposition of Refractory Metals and Ceramics 2. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings Held in Boston, Massachusetts on December …

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  • An Index of Refractory Organics - EPA

    ----- ABSTRACT Refractory waterborne organics resist biodegradation, accumulate in the environment and can inhibit life forms. This research develops laboratory techniques for, and interpretations of, a Refractory Index (R.I.) to assess quantitatively the persistency of refractory organics and uses the R.I. determination to evaluate some 38 industrial, natural and combined or- ganics.

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  • Development and exploration of refractory high

    2018-6-8 · II. TAXONOMY AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS. The first two RCCAs, MoNbTaW and MoNbTaVW, were reported in 2010 by Senkov et al. Reference Senkov, Wilks, Miracle, Chuang and Liaw 6 and in the following years, the number of newly reported RCCAs has increased steadily [].By the end of January 2018, 151 new compositions were described in the open literature, among which 25 are 4 …

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  • Processing of solid solution, mixed uranium/refractory ...

    2019-8-9 · (UC) fills the open pores and grain boundaries aiding in the sintering process. Figure 3-13 shows a larger amount of porosity for sample T3 than would be expected based on the longer sintering time of 68 min. at 2600 K. This is in part due to the fact that the die cracked during pressing and only achieved approximately 80 MPa pressure instead ...

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  • Corundum: Use as a Gemstone, Abrasive, Refractory

    Corundum is used as a gemstone, abrasive, refractory and much more. Red corundum is a ruby, blue is a sapphire, any other color is a fancy sapphire. Synthetic corundum is used instead of natural corundum in most applications.

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  • Electrochemical reaction - The electrochemical

    Light from the star itself is blocked by a disk, which is larger than 60 billion kilometers in diameter and is seen almost edge-on. Jets are seen emerging perpendicular to the disk. The material in these jets is flowing outward at speeds up to 580,000 kilometers per hour. The series of three images shows changes during a period of 5 years.

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  • Some Features of Growing Single Crystals of

    ----- ABSTRACT Refractory waterborne organics resist biodegradation, accumulate in the environment and can inhibit life forms. This research develops laboratory techniques for, and interpretations of, a Refractory Index (R.I.) to assess quantitatively the persistency of refractory organics and uses the R.I. determination to evaluate some 38 industrial, natural and combined or- ganics.

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  • An Index of Refractory Organics - EPA

    Refractory technology : fundamentals and applications Sarkar, Ritwik. 0 0 . How much do you like this book? What’s the quality of the file? Download the book for quality assessment. What’s the quality of the downloaded files? Year: 2017. Publisher: CRC Press. Language: english. Pages: 314. ISBN 10: 1315368056. ISBN 13: ...

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  • Refractory technology : fundamentals and applications ...

    2018-6-8 · II. TAXONOMY AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS. The first two RCCAs, MoNbTaW and MoNbTaVW, were reported in 2010 by Senkov et al. Reference Senkov, Wilks, Miracle, Chuang and Liaw 6 and in the following years, the number of newly reported RCCAs has increased steadily [].By the end of January 2018, 151 new compositions were described in the open literature, among which 25 are 4 …

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  • Development and exploration of refractory high

    FIELD: chemistry. SUBSTANCE: scope of invention covers fused moulded refractory material intended for the purpose where the mentioned material contacts with melted glass, particularly, for use in edge zones of glass-melting furnace at temperatures below 1150°C. The refractory material contains, % w/w: more than 85% ZrO 2 , 2-8 SiO 2 , 0.12-1 Na 2 O, 0.2-2 Al 2 O 3 , 0.5≤Y 2 O 3 +CaO≤2.6 ...

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  • RU2324670C2 - Fused moulded refractory material

    a feeder bowl is mounted at the end of a molten glass forehearth, and has a reciprocating plunger and rotating tube for feeding gobs of the molten glas through an orifice in the outlet spout of the feeder bowl. to combat the tendency for the plunger to act as an electrode in a galvanic cell created in the molten glass the plunger is made up from two refractory materials, one for use in the ...

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  • US3711267A - Composite refractory for use in molten

    A Method for Making Transparent Hard Rock-Like Material and Its Application. Jinjin Ge1 and Ying Xu 1,2. 1School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Huainan 232001, Anhui, China. 2Key Lab. of Coal Deep-Well Structural Technique, Huaibei 235000, Anhui, China.

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  • A Method for Making Transparent Hard Rock-Like

    2021-3-16 · The plant treats 80,000 tonnes of SPL annually and has treated 700,000 tons of SPL since 2008. The plant produces mainly chemicals (NaOH, CaF 2, and NaF) and pure carbon materials. 26 After treatment with the LCLL process, the refractory part of SPL (second cut) becomes an inert non-hazardous material. On average 10,000 tonnes per year of LCLL ...

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  • The SPL Waste Management Challenge in Primary

    2017-10-30 · Figure 38 shows that the peak electron effective mobility on Ge(111) was about 1,100 cm 2 V −1 s −1 at 300 K and was 1.4 times better than that of Ge(100). 39) This suggests that the (111) surface should intrinsically be better than the (100) one not only with regard to the process stability as discussed in Sect. 2.2 but also with regard to ...

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  • Germanium CMOS potential from material and

    2013-8-30 · In general, designing is conceived as a complex, personal, creative and open-ended skill. Performing a well-developed skill is mainly an implicit activity. In teaching, however, it is essential to make explicit. Learning a complex skill like designing is a matter of doing and becoming aware how to do it. For teachers and students therefore, it will be helpful to make the design process explicit.

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  • An Index of Refractory Organics - EPA

    ----- ABSTRACT Refractory waterborne organics resist biodegradation, accumulate in the environment and can inhibit life forms. This research develops laboratory techniques for, and interpretations of, a Refractory Index (R.I.) to assess quantitatively the persistency of refractory organics and uses the R.I. determination to evaluate some 38 industrial, natural and combined or- ganics.

    Get Price
  • Refractory disease | definition of Refractory disease by ...

    disease [dĭ-zēz´] a definite pathological process having a characteristic set of signs and symptoms. It may affect the whole body or any of its parts, and its etiology, pathology, and prognosis may be known or unknown. For specific diseases, see under the specific name, as addison's disease. See also illness, mal, sickness, and syndrome. Miller-Keane ...

    Get Price
  • Self flowing refractory castables : study of the

    Refractories are enabling materials in that their primary function is to facilitate the production of other materials such as metals, glasses, petrochemicals, and cements. They have enabled the utilization of heat to make materials since the Bronze Age. Although, in recent years, a number of studies concerning the many complex variables that determine the rheologic, hydraulic and ceramic ...

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  • Development and exploration of refractory high

    2018-6-8 · II. TAXONOMY AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS. The first two RCCAs, MoNbTaW and MoNbTaVW, were reported in 2010 by Senkov et al. Reference Senkov, Wilks, Miracle, Chuang and Liaw 6 and in the following years, the number of newly reported RCCAs has increased steadily [].By the end of January 2018, 151 new compositions were described in the open literature, among which 25 are 4 …

    Get Price
  • Corundum: Use as a Gemstone, Abrasive, Refractory

    Corundum is used as a gemstone, abrasive, refractory and much more. Red corundum is a ruby, blue is a sapphire, any other color is a fancy sapphire. Synthetic corundum is used instead of natural corundum in most applications.

    Get Price
  • X-ray Powder Diffraction (XRD) - SERC

    2020-8-25 · A qualitative description of the activation process follows. Many new terms and concepts are mentioned only briefly in this chapter but in more detail in the next two chapters, where the same material is dealt with from a quantitative rather than a qualitative point of view.

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  • 2. Nerve and Muscle Cells - bem.fi

    Light from the star itself is blocked by a disk, which is larger than 60 billion kilometers in diameter and is seen almost edge-on. Jets are seen emerging perpendicular to the disk. The material in these jets is flowing outward at speeds up to 580,000 kilometers per hour. The series of three images shows changes during a period of 5 years.

    Get Price
  • Star Formation | Astronomy - Lumen Learning

    2007-7-6 · Representational faithfulness is correspondence or agreement between accounting information and the economic phenomena it is intended to represent. Verifiability provides assurance that the information is free from bias. (3) Understandability is a user-specific characteristic of information.

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  • (PDF) Chemical Vapor Deposition of Refractory Metals

    Chemical Vapor Deposition of Refractory Metals and Ceramics 2. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings Held in Boston, Massachusetts on December …

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  • Recent Advances in Silica-Alumina Refractory: A

    2018-4-15 · In the glass-making process, the refractories are in constant contact with the molten glass, and this poses different kinds of requirements for the refractory. Since glass in the molten state is quite fluid and tends to go through the refractory pores, the most needed characteristic should be nonporous refractories, and hence fused ...

    Get Price
  • Corundum: Use as a Gemstone, Abrasive, Refractory

    Corundum is used as a gemstone, abrasive, refractory and much more. Red corundum is a ruby, blue is a sapphire, any other color is a fancy sapphire. Synthetic corundum is used instead of natural corundum in most applications.

    Get Price
  • Missouri Department of Natural Resources

    A Method for Making Transparent Hard Rock-Like Material and Its Application. Jinjin Ge1 and Ying Xu 1,2. 1School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Huainan 232001, Anhui, China. 2Key Lab. of Coal Deep-Well Structural Technique, Huaibei 235000, Anhui, China.

    Get Price
  • Electrochemical reaction - The electrochemical

    2014-9-13 · The conservation of material can be written as in equation 9 except that the physical quantity ψ could be p – partial pressure of a gas, c – concentration in solution, x – mole fraction of a particular species, w – mass fraction of a particular species, or ρ – density of a fluid.

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  • A Method for Making Transparent Hard Rock-Like

    2020-10-15 · The environment around a supermassive black hole is fairly complex. Sitting in the centers of galaxies, that’s not too surprising. It’s crowded there, like being downtown in a big city at rush hour. But in this case it’s worse, because in a city you don’t have octillions of tons of material swirling around the city center at nearly the speed of light that has been heated to millions of ...

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